India ranked 102nd in the 2019 Global Hunger Index , below its neighbours Pakistan (94), Bangladesh (88), Sri Lanka (66), Nepal (73) and China (25).
According to Global Hunger Index ,which was released on Tuesday, noted that “India is suffering from hunger on a serious scale”.
This study is based on four key indicators -undernourishment, child mortality, child wasting, and child stunting. Child wasting refers to the sharing of children under the age of five who have a low weight for their height, indicating acute malnutrition. According to the GHI, Yemen, Djibouti and India are among the most devastated.
India, which is very largely populated has the child wasting rate is very high at 20.8 per cent – the highest wastage rate of any country in this report for which data or estimates were available.
The country has gained one place as compared to the previous year (103). But this is hardly a reason for consolation, as India was ranked 100 in 2017.
GHI reports say, India’s child stunting rate, 37.9 per cent, is also ranked high in terms of its public health importance. “In India, only 9.6 per cent of all children between 6 and 23 months are given a minimum acceptable diet.
It further stated that as of 2015-2014, 90 per cent of Indian households used an improved drinking water source, while 39 per cent of households did not have sanitation facilities (IIPS and ICF 2017).
Though Prime Minister Modi’s Swachh Bharat’ campaign and his efforts to end open defecation which is still practised were appreciated but the condition endangers people’s health, particularly that children are compromised by their ability to absorb nutrients.
India’s 102 rank means that there are only fifteen other countries in this index that are worse than India. Almost all of these African countries are Sierra Leone, Uganda, Djibouti, Congo, Sudan, Afghanistan, Zimbabwe, Timor-Leste, Haiti, Liberia, Zambia, Madagascar, Chad, Yemen and the Central African Republic.
India has slipped from 95th rank in 2010 to 102nd in 2019 on the Global Hunger Index. The report released by GHI is showed how India is becoming most devastated compared to our neighbouring countries. Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal are better when it comes to hunger management.
Maharashtra and Haryana’s Assembly elections are around the corner. While Indians are worried about the present Economy, which is doing very badly, might cause some embarrassment for the ruling BJP after the report of Global Hunger Index.
It is a serious matter to be addressed immediately and Some caution is required when comparing the performance of different years on the Global Hunger Index.