The completion of the National Citizenship Register showing the way out of illegal citizens settled in Assam of India is in its final stage. The Supreme Court has set 31 August as the last date for publication of NRC. A list of the citizens of Assam will be published in it, so that the rightful residents of this place will be identified and illegal infiltrators will be sent back to their country.
The future of citizenship of about 41 lakh people of Assam will be decided after the publication of this NRC. Explain that there was a mass movement in Assam against Bangladeshi citizens who entered illegally in Assam for about six years. This national citizenship register is the result of this.
Before getting to know how this register is being prepared and the scale of citizenship of the people, it is necessary that we know what the NRC is. Simply put, this is a list of Indian citizens residing in Assam, who decide who is not a citizen of India and still living in India.
Therefore the date of 31 August is important
Action on the national citizenship register under the supervision of the Supreme Court for nearly four years will be in front of everyone on 31 August. In the NRC draft released on 31 July last year, the names of 40.7 lakh people were excluded from the list. This was followed by an additional draft exclusion list on 26 June 2019 in which the names of about one lakh more people were removed from the list. Out of a total of 3.29 crore applicants, about 2.9 crore people have been included in NRC. People whose names are not in the final list of NRC will have to fight a big battle to prove themselves as legitimate citizens of India.
What is the condition of joining the list
To be included in the current list of NRC, the name of the next of kin of the person should be in the first citizenship register made in 1951 or in the election list till 24 March 1971. Other documents for this include birth certificate, refugee registration certificate, land and tenancy records, citizenship certificate, permanent housing certificate, passport, LIC policy, government issued license or certificate, bank or post office account, government job certificate, educational Certificates and court records are included.
Free legal advice will be given on name release
The needy people who will not be included in the final list of NRC, the government will make necessary arrangements to provide free legal aid to them. Additional Chief Secretary of Assam (Home and Political Department) Kumar Sanjay Krishna said in a statement that those who would not be included in the NRC list would not be detained under any circumstances until the Foreign Tribunal (FT) gave them the foreign Do not declare a citizen.
What if you are off the list?
The Union Home Ministry has made it clear that no person will be declared as a foreign national simply by not being named in the NRC. Those whose names are not included will have to appear before the Foreign Tribunal (FT) with the papers. For this, there is a provision to give 120 days time to the person. The decision of the applicant to be a citizen of India or not will be in the hands of the FT. However, if the applicant is dissatisfied with the decision of the FT, he also has the right to approach the High Court or the Supreme Court.
One lakh people were missing from June list
The first draft of NRC was published on 30 July last year. Out of which 3.9 crore people out of 3.29 crore people of Assam were not included in the list. There was a lot of controversy. After this, the list published in June 2019 did not have the names of one lakh people. Now the final list will be published on 31 August. The Supreme Court is monitoring the process of NRC. It aims to identify illegal immigrants in Assam. If the 2011 census is seen, the total population of the state was more than 3.11 crore.
What is the purpose of NRC, when did it start
The objective of NRC is to register genuine citizens of the country and identify illegal migrants. This was first done in Assam in 1951 by the government of Pandit Nehru to pacify the then Chief Minister of Assam, Gopinath Bardoloi. Bardolai was against the settlement of Bengali Hindu refugees who fled East Pakistan in large numbers after partition.
In the 1980s, there was a constant demand for updating NRC by the hardcore regional groups there. An agreement was signed by the Rajiv Gandhi government in 1985 to end the Assam Movement, which agreed not to include those coming after 1971 in the NRC.
The state Congress government started updating the NRC in 2010 as a pilot project to remove illegal migrants from two districts of Assam – Barpeta and Kamrup. However, the process came to a standstill after a violent clash in Barpeta. However, NRC work was resumed only after the intervention of the Supreme Court after a petition by a non-governmental organization, Assam Public Works. In 2015, the Assam government resumed NRC work under the supervision of the Supreme Court.