Today, on 21st February, International Mother Language Day, the International Mother Language Day is considered worldwide. Linguistic and cultural diversity and Bhubhashita is celebrated international language every year on February 21 with the aim to promote and bring awareness of different mother tongues in the world. Theme of the 19th anniversary of Mother Language Day this year – Development, peace and transeans are of country languages.
The main purpose of celebrating this day is to spread linguistic and cultural diversity and multilingualism across the world. Language is an important role in human life. Through language, communication can be done not only with the country but abroad.
According to the United Nations, the total number of languages spoken in the world is approximately 6900. Of these, 90 percent of the speakers speak less than 1 lakh. About 60 percent of the world population speaks 30 major languages, among which the top most spoken languages are Japanese, English, Russian, Bengali, Portuguese, Arabic, Punjabi, Mandarin, Hindi and Spanish.
On this day in 2000, the United Nations declared International Mother Language Day. On February 21, 1952, students and social workers of Dhaka University protested against the linguistic policy of the then Pakistan government, protesting to maintain the existence of their mother tongue.
The Pakistani police started firing on protesters, but after constant protests, the government had to give official status to the Bengali language. In the memory of the martyred youth in linguistic movement, UNESCO announced its first celebration on February 21, 1999 as Mother Language Day.
In the next 40 years, more than four thousand languages are threatening to end. India has been a country of diverse culture and language. According to the 1961 census, 1652 languages are spoken in India. According to a report, there are currently 1365 mother tongues in India, whose regional base is different. Hindi is also popular among other mother tongues as a second language.
Small language groups, when they sit from one place to another, are able to speak more than one language. 43 million people speak Hindi in the country, 12 percent in this is bilingual. 82 percent Konkani speakers and 79 percent of Sindhi speaking languages are also known. Hindi is the main language of Mauritius, Trinidad-Tobago, Guyana and Suriname. Fiji is the official language.